Roles of teachers

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Roles of teachers

Expert in some area of knowledge or skills Community leader Agent of social Roles of teachers In those areas in which teaching has not yet become a profession, the teacher may fill fewer of these roles.

The primary-school teacher in a simple Roles of teachers society, for example, will fill only the first five of the school roles and the first and possibly the second of the community roles. Some of the roles conflict; that is, the performance of one, that of disciplinarian, for example, tends to conflict with another, such as that of confidant to students, or the role of independent and creative scholar will tend to conflict with that of the bureaucrat.


In the community the role of surrogate of middle-class morality tends to conflict with the role of agent of social change. In the presence of these role conflicts, the teacher must learn to balance, to know when and how vigorously to act in a particular role, and when to shift to another in a flexible way.

Role in curricular design The family, the government, the church or religious authority, and the economic or business-industrial authority all have an interest in the development of children and youth, and all play a part, therefore, in setting up and controlling formal and many informal means of education.

In the more-developed societies, they employ teachers to do the work of educationand they work out with the teacher an understanding of what the teacher is expected to do. The elementary-school teacher must teach the basic mental skills—reading, writing, and arithmetic.

Beyond this, the elementary-school teacher must teach facts and attitudes favourable to the nation or the church or any other institution supporting the school.

Thus, he must teach in a way that is favourable to communism in China, to a mixed capitalist-socialist economy in Britain or the United States, to the French or Brazilian systems in France or Brazil, and so forth. In a society in which schools are directed by churches or religious groups, as in Spain, he must teach the relevant religious beliefs and attitudes.

Many systems, for instance, require secondary schools to teach about the pitfalls of alcohol, drugs, and tobacco. A growing number of nations require teaching in favour of conservation of natural resources and protection of the physical environment against air and water pollution. With the ending of the military occupation, however, the Japanese government reintroduced a compulsory course in moral education, which became a source of major controversy between conservatives and progressives within the Japanese educational profession.

Thus, in France, with a highly centralized national educational system, the course of instruction in the elementary schools is fixed by the Ministry of Education. In the United States, where each of the 50 states is its own authority, there is much more curricular variation.

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Some states require statewide adoption of textbooks, whereas others leave such matters to local decision. Many large-city school systems have a curriculum department to set policy in such matters, and the individual teacher in a city school system or in certain state systems thus has relatively little power to decide what to teach.

There is more flexibility at the secondary-school level than in the primary-school level. As for methods of teaching within the classroom, the individual teacher probably has more autonomy in the United States than in most European school systems.

The university teacher almost anywhere in the world has substantial autonomy in the choice of textbooks, of content to be covered in a particular course, and of methods of teaching.

In general the only limits on the university teacher are set by the nature of the teaching assignment.

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If he is one of a number of teachers who teach a popular course, such as general chemistry or physics or history, which is taken by several hundred students and offered by several different instructors, he may have to use the same textbooks as those used by other instructors, and he may have to prepare his students for common examinations.

On the other hand, in those courses that he alone gives, he has wide freedom to choose the content and methods of instruction. In terms of the professional responsibility of teachers for what they teach, there is a major distinction between the university and elementary-secondary school systems.

At the level of higher educationteachers have the power and the responsibility of defining the curriculum—its contents and its methods.

Roles of teachers

This is the essence of academic freedom in higher education. The governing board of the university, whether it be a government or independent university, does not tell teachers what to teach or how to teach.

There are, nevertheless, some external requirements operative on the university teacher. If he is preparing his students for examinations not under university control civil service examinations, state bar and medical examinations, examinations for a certificate as a public accountant, or the likehis autonomy is limited by the necessity that his students be well prepared for these external examinations.

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In contrast to the power of the university governing board, the board of an elementary- or secondary-school system has, but generally delegates to the school administration, the power to determine what is taught.

The school administration, consisting of the superintendent, school directors, inspectors, and curriculum specialists, has effective power over the curriculum and brings the classroom teacher into the process as much or as little as it chooses. Administrative and legislative prescriptions for the school curriculum are generally resisted in principle by the teaching profession; the profession presumes itself better able to decide what to teach and how to teach it.During a revival meeting I was recently in at my church, the guest Pastor said “the wife is the Holy Spirit of the home”.

This Pastor had been married for more than 20 years and had previously talked about times in his marriage where his wife stopped him and corrected him when he was going down some wrong paths or about to make some wrong decisions.

What is ClassDojo? ClassDojo is a communication app for the classroom. It connects teachers, parents, and students who use it to share photos, videos, and messages through the school day.

Public perception of teachers influences not only those who may be considering entering teaching, but also how those in this profession perceive themselves. What is the role of a teacher? Editions. A model for curriculum inquiry can help districts and teachers decide which decisions to make collectively and which to leave to individual choice. I've been in this system for 30 years. I was never expected to make my own decisions about anything related to curriculum. I was handed the basal reader. A teacher often has many roles to play. A teacher leader role is one that needs to be embraced if he or she wants to function effectively in the classroom. 5 Roles for a Teacher Leader Teachers who are active in the school will often have more jobs than just the one they were hired to perform. Often, the goals of the teacher will match.

Summary Report for: - Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary. Teach courses in drama, music, and the arts including fine and applied art, . References. Carnegie Forum on Education and the Economy. (). A nation prepared: Teachers for the twenty-first century: The report of the Carnegie Forum on Education and The Economy's Task Force on Teaching as a Profession.

A teacher often has many roles to play. A teacher leader role is one that needs to be embraced if he or she wants to function effectively in the classroom.

5 Roles for a Teacher Leader Teachers who are active in the school will often have more jobs than just the one they were hired to perform.

Often, the goals of the teacher will match. Guidance to help schools and governing bodies develop their approach to teachers' and school leaders' pay.

- Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary